Brand new summation statistics of one’s husband’s and you may wife’s socioeconomic features, marriage expenditures, and you may wife’s empowerment are showed for the Table step one

step 3.dos Relationships methods

Column (1) records the data on complete attempt, and you can line (2) profile them with the subsample, we.elizabeth., wives that at least one sibling plus one sis. The sumple are advertised due to the fact the quintessential less-form quote that have a set of matrimony costs paid down toward wife’s sisters and brothers because of the its particular into the-laws and regulations can only just be held towards the subsample. The common ages of husbands is forty.six ages. Husbands, an average of, completed number one education (five years), and you will 56% ones is literate. An average age of wives was 35.8 ages. Wives, typically, don’t done primee house be the cause of twenty seven% of total homes surveyed. The common measurements of farming belongings for each home is actually step three.24 acres, which have almost forty% regarding homes becoming landless. Footnote 11 Getting 39% of spouses, the delivery town is equivalent to that the husbands, 66% of those is partnered to a cousin, and you may 17% is partnered when you look at the watta satta (bride-to-be change, or practically, “give–take”). Footnote several All these was book options that come with wedding for the Punjab, Pakistan. Conversely, the newest northwestern section of India, including Indian Punjab, could have been typically noted for hypergamy, where wives was y contrasts which have endogamy and cousin y as the a few family members organizing watta satta you should never theoretically observe hypergamy within exact same day, and tend to be most likely to-be on the exact same personal class and you will monetary status. Wife’s natal family members’ house income in the course of wedding is actually PKR 171,695 Footnote 13 typically. It actually was answered retrospectively of the partner which is, for this reason, more than likely subject to keep in mind mistakes exactly like the ones that are about amount of individual bunu bul dowry and other wedding expenditures, even though earnings is generally easier for participants in order to keep in mind compared to a personal dowry comprising some situations. We adopted similar work to minimize survey keep in mind errors.

Desk step 1 Summary statistics

The initial a portion of the survey asks husbands about their ount. Just like the dowry is known to help you add various products that allow an early few first off its married life immediately after wedding, i asked about the worth of each item in the dowry. The genuine question is “Essentially, in the region, to possess a household eg your, what’s the approximate property value for each items offered because dowry at the time of new daughter’s wedding?” I explicitly asked about dowry as the observed in the people, otherwise jati (= sub-caste), because the audience is selecting the technique of dowry alone as the well since the individual quantity of dowry their parents reduced. The solution to practical question in the dowry in the neighborhood is probably convey particular facts about dowry techniques. Its react might statement how much they might purchase for every single product if they’re already in the process of delivering a good dowry on their child. Anyway, the clear answer has a tendency to provide a great deal more specific strategies to the itemized value of dowry. Presumably, recalling each goods of its private dowries out-of years in the past is difficult. The following a portion of the questionnaire requires wives regarding their personal dowries or other relationships costs, we.e., “Exactly how much dowry (bride rate) performed your parents (in-laws) offer in the course of their ounts can be used on chief empirical study. The relationship coefficient between the private dowry matter and you can people-founded dowry matter are 0.65 (Fig. 3). The city-based dowry number is higher than the personal dowry matter repaid because of the wives’ parents, that isn’t alarming because of the so-called increasing trend in the actual number of dowry.